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Competitiveness, Efficiency and Productivity Measurement in Agriculture
Wed 26 April 2017, 13:30 – 18:00 IST
Agricultural policy in the EU has traditionally focused on farm income improvements and on maintaining numbers of people working and living in rural areas. Improving productivity as a stated policy goal, while not neglected, was not a priority objective. Hence, as a result of successive CAP reforms, starting with the 1992 MacSharry reforms, the relative importance of direct payments in farm incomes in the EU has steadily increased. However, the policy environment is now changing rapidly. Policy pressures in various forms are pushing the EU (and the UK following BREXIT) in an increasingly market orientated direction. Given the on-going pressures for agricultural and trade reform, there is renewed international interest in the topic of the relative competitiveness of agricultural production in a world price environment. Given that the price of many factor inputs in agriculture (such as the opportunity cost of owned resources) are largely determined by prices outside of agriculture, a key driver of competitiveness performance will be productivity growth. In order to establish the context and feasibility of future improvements in competitive performance and productivity it is vitally important that consistent measurement of these indicators is carried out.
Objectives of the Workshop
1: Understanding of the theory relating to Competitiveness, Efficiency and Productivity and how these three concepts are related;
2: Alternative methods to measure Competitiveness, Efficiency and Productivity;
3: Applied examples of how the measures of Competitiveness, Efficiency and Productivity are examined using agricultural data. The final presentation of the afternoon will include the findings of a report to be launched at the event: Measuring the Competitiveness of Irish Agriculture: A Decade in Review.
This workshop is considered to be relevant to industry and policy stakeholders as well as the academic audience. It is envisaged that the research outputs presented at the workshop will facilitate informed policy and industry decision making by contributing to a better understanding of the sources of economic growth within agriculture internationally.
1.30-1.45 Registration and coffee
1.45-2.05: Laure Latruffe(INRA) Overview and theory relating to the concepts of competitiveness, efficiency and productivity
2.05-2.25: Catherine Morredu (OECD) Overview of OECD farm level modeling in the area of efficencey and prodcutivity
2.25-2.45: Emma Dillion (Teagasc) A DEA Model of Economic Efficiency of Dairy Farms within the EU using FADN data
3.15-3.35: Hervé Dakpo (INRA) Including environmental outputs in technical efficiency and TFP
3.35-3.55: Shuwei Zeng (University of Wisconsin-Madison) AMS data and productivity of US agriculture
3.55-4.15: Michele McCormack (Teagasc) Measuring the TFP of Irish dairy farms using Teagasc, National Farm Survey data
4.15-4.40 Alan Renwick (Lincon University, New Zealand) A competitive edge? Understanding farm performance in New Zealand
5.00-5.30 Fiona Thorne (Teagasc) Measuring the competitiveness of Irish agriculture (a decade in review) - report launch
5.30-6.30 Finger food and networking
The event was made possible by funding from the Irish Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine Research Stimulus Fund